Jasmine Pringle (recorder), Michael Davis, Namratha Atluri, Tyler Couch (typing)

This is a sound recording of a young adult male patient’s iPhone text message conversation in his appointment room at the Duke Student Wellness Center. In this recording, the patient receives several simultaneous text message sound notifications from a group chat, and he responds to them by typing out replies on his iPhone. This disturbance due to mobile phone use is very common in the healthcare system, either from the physician/ health professional, patient, or friends/ family that accompany or visit the patient. This sound describes how increasing reliance on and use of technological gadgets such as iPhones can hinder human relationships and natural conversations with people face to face. The constant sound notifications and texting as heard in this recording can not only distract the patient from giving the physician a full account of his illness and narrative, but it may also frustrate the physician and prevent him/ her from showing full appreciation of and empathy towards the patient. Ultimately, the text message sounds serve as a barrier for the patient and physician to establish effective communication and a trusting relationship.

Jasmine Pringle (recorder), Michael Davis (typing)

This is a sound recording of typing on a desktop computer keyboard at the patient resource station in the waiting lobby of the Duke Cancer Center (3rd floor). In addition to the waiting lobby, the sound of typing is prevalent in many aspects of the healthcare system, including in the appointment rooms where physicians or trained scribes take electronic notes of the patient-physician conversation. While this sound implies documentation of important points of a conversation, it can also hinder conversation between a patient and physician. Hearing the sound can make patients anxious in the appointment room or make them feel uncomfortable that their words are being noted down. The need to type and take notes on what the patient is saying may also distract the physician from actively listening and participating in the conversation. Ultimately, typing serves as a barrier to a close and trusting relationship between the patient and physician.

Clare Kehoe

Typing sounds recorded in the Morey Lab at Durham VA Medical Center, a neuroimaging lab studying the effects of blast exposure on white matter integrity in veterans with and without clinical symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). White matter integrity is assessed using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as it has been shown that white matter is compromised following mTBI. This sound reflects the initiation of bash commands in the linux terminal while completing tract based spatial statistics (TBSS), an analysis approach used for comparing white matter between multiple DTI images. Recorded using a Zoom recorder. 

Claire Pullan

Sound recording of an individual receiving an e-mail while typing out an e-mail on their keyboard at an office at the Savannah River Site. Sound byte was recorded on Han4 Pro Zoom in Stereo. 


Vivek Garimella

Recording of a student coding in MATLAB. The laptop used was a Dell XPS 13 9350 Touch. This recording was also done in close proximity of a machine lab, with audible hammering noises in the background. Recorded using a Google Pixel XL and the Sony Audio Recorder App. 

Meghana Sridhar

Sound recording of individuals in a enclosed study room of a building, acting in an academic fashion with pertinence to pages flipping, clicking and tapping of pens, pencils scratching, and textbook movement. Recorded with an IPhone 6s with external microphone DJI Part 44 FM-15 Flexi Microphone. 

Andrew Galant

A sound recording of a college student vigorously typing on her laptop, on a second floor outdoor patio of a student commons building overlooking a patio and two intersecting streets. The recording was captured with an IPhone 7 Plus+, Model: A1784, 2016.

Kathryn von Grey

Sound recording of a student typing on their MacBook Pro laptop in an empty classroom. The classroom has audible air conditioning running, and the sound of the student's sweater can be heard rubbing against the computer as they type. Recorded using a Blue Microphones Bluebird SL Large-Diaphragm condenser microphone and an Alesis MultiMix 4 USB FX 4-Channel Mixer.

Laurentino Castro

Sound recording of the first floor of The Georgia Tech Library as a student takes out a few things from his book bag before writing down a few notes and typing on his computer. Also, a few people talking can be heard faintly in the background. Recorded with IPhone 7 Plus microphone and amplified with Audacity software.

Blake Bradfield

Sound recording of a business woman typing on an Apple MacBook Pro 2012 edition. Recorded on a patio in a subdivision. Recorded with an Apple Iphone 8-Plus.