Fracking, also known as hydraulic fracturing, is the process of drilling and injecting fluid deep into the ground at high pressure to fracture shale rocks that release natural gas. The fluid is comprise of water mixed with sand and approximately 40,000 gallons of chemicals that include methanol, hydrochloric acid, formaldehyde and mercury. As a result of fracking, methane gas and the other toxins leach out from the fracking system and contaminate groundwater (2). In North Carolina, water resources from the Jordan Lake, Falls Lake, the Deep River and Eno River are all polluted and contaminated by methane gas emitted from the drilling process. Beginning in 2015, out of state companies will begin drilling in 9,000 acres of the Chatham, Moore and Lee counties as allowed by the General Assembly’s pro-drilling commission (1). Water resources like the Deep River are not only sources for drinking water, but home to wildlife and leisure sites for canoeing and fishing. For now, there is a moratorium on drilling that protects water resources by lawmakers and gas companies are threatening the sanctity of the moratorium.
We drink out water when we are thirsty. Common sense, no? A scary food for thought: toxins from oil drilling can release deadly toxins that can enter the North Carolinian drinking water supplies, "often containing cancer-causing and even radioactive material. Once brought to the surface, this toxic waste poses hazards for drinking water, air quality and public safety"1.
Fishing is a popular leisure activity in North Carolina. The Jordan Lake, Falls Lake, Deep River and Eno River are not only areas popular for fishing, but for swimming and kayaking as well. If the fish are contaminated with varous toxins, it will not only devastate livelihoods and recreational activities, but also taint major bodies of water.
The rivers, lakes, and sources of drinking water will all be contaminated with various toxins if fracking is permitted. But think of the bigger picture. If major bodies of water and waterways are polluted and toxified with poisons from oil drilling, imagine its effect on the oceans. Whether people realize it or not, fracking could have a detrimental global effect. From a small pond to the oceans, fracking has the ability to poison all.